1. CHILD-CENTRED PARENTS

take into account their children’s ages, personalities, and behaviors when setting rules and standards, and when meting out discipline, encouraging their kids to be independent within well-defined boundaries. They listen and reflect on their children’s suggestions and concerns, and reward good behavior.


2. PERMISSIVE PARENTS

Although often very involved on a day-to-day basis in their children’s lives, these parents prefer to be their kids’ “friends” than take the role of a responsible adult. They seldom impose punishments and tend to raise “spoilt brats”. Their children are more likely to be rebellious in puberty.


3. AUTOCRATIC PARENTS

Parents are strict and rigid, enforcing total compliance with their rules regardless of their children’s personality types or concerns. They often believe in corporal punishment. Their children are more likely to resort to bullying at school.


4. UNINVOLVED PARENTS

Parents provide basic essentials – food, shelter, clothing, school fees – but show no interest in their kids’ day-to-day activities and also tend to be emotionally detached from their kids.

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